With Drupal 7 getting closer to release and field API, better known as CCK in Drupal 6, in core, the fieldgroup module was still left behind a bit. While Yves Chedemois (yched) was working on making the Field UI extendable from contrib, I started testing and working further on brand new code that was available on github that is destined to become the fieldgroup*1 module for Drupal 7. My colleague Jochen Stals (Stalski) also jumped in and after some internal discussion with Yves, we moved the code into a new project, away from CCK. The new module is available at http://drupal.org/project/field_group. Exciting for sure, but where are we exactly and where are we going?
Fieldgroups are everywhere *2
Every entity (node, user, etc.) in D7 shares the same UI for managing the form and display. This means that fieldgroups are available for your user profile, taxonomy or even your own defined entity. Refreshing also is that the order of fields is separated from the form and display. A fieldgroup can thus be displayed on top of the form and at the bottom of say your node - or not at all, it all depends what and where you want to show your data. Oh, and there's also unlimited nesting.
Different formatting options are available: div, collapsible fieldsets and vertical tabs. With the jQuery library in core, it's now much easier to format also in different stylish ways: horizontal tabs and accordion are already supported. People wanting other formats can simply implement a hook to register the format and an output callback function.
Regions and layouts
Since we can output fieldgroups as a div, they can serve as containers to create a multi column layout if the right css is made available. Create nice forms or layouts for easy positioning of elements of a node, user etc. in any view mode (build mode in Drupal 6). People familiar with Display suite know we love such stuff and we're discussing how the two modules can work nicely together. The solution lies in the #region key available in the form and which module will make use of it. There is even a chance that #regions is not even needed at all and can be ditched completely. This could lead to a change in the name of this module to something more abstract like Group.
It's not our first goal, but with the power we now have in core, a few modules can be merged or easily replaced by the new version of fieldgroup: CCK fieldgroup tabs and Node form columns are two that come to mind, we probably forgot a few more. We invite maintainers of such modules to help along to bundle forces and share thoughts what steps we need to take. Documentation and guidance are most likely the key factor in succeeding.
The module will have full support for exportables and features. Whether we'll write it ourselves or depend on CTools has not been decided yet. Input from both parties are greatly appreciated here. However, when we release, fieldgroups will be able to live in code.
The upgrade path is the most difficult task. The module has been rewritten from scratch and has a complete new database schema. There is no clear plan at this moment, so input is more than welcome. We can get inspiration from the upgrade path that is partially available from CCK to field API - although at this point a lot of problems are still there.
Multigroups is a concept living in CCK3 (1 and 2), but has had no official release yet to this date. Support in this module is not planned yet for that reason. The code is also a bit hackisch and shouldn't probably live here anyway. Fieldable fields is most likely the answer and belongs in another project. Insights are welcome of course.
Update http://drupal.org/node/939836 is a nice start for discussion around multigroups (Thanks Yched).
Getting the module out will benefit everyone, so please test, create patches (+ tests), write documentation or record some screencasts. With the new options available to maintain a project, we can give more people access to commit or other responsibilities. Feel free to jump in, the community will appreciate all your hard efforts in making this module a huge success!
*1 There is still an internal debate whether we are going to write 'field group' or 'fieldgroup' as the title of the module or even something else (see Regions and layouts)
*2 persiflage of 'fields are everywhere', taken from the haiku written by Amitaibu for his Organic Groups presentation at Drupalcon Copenhagen.